~Ultra Low Molecular Weight Hyaluronic Acid – Studies indicate low weight HA offers better penetration than larger sized HA. Accordingly low HA influences the expression of many genes including those contributing to keratinocyte differentiation and formation of intercellular tight junction. The increased activity at decreasing molecular weight explains the more efficient skin penetration of the smaller HA molecules. Topical application of LMW HA improves skin functioning and provides anti-aging effects.
~ NAB™ Asafetida Extract – The resulting product exhibits strong in vitro anti-tyrosinase activity, which stops the synthesis of melanin to even skin tone and promote skin lightening. This can also help alleviate the appearance of hyperpigmentation.
~Marine Hydrolyzed Collagen LMW™ is unique in that it contains low molecular weight (LMW) collagen oligopeptides of marine origin. The amino acid composition of collagen oligopeptides is primarily of glycine, proline and hydroxyproline. These three amino acids are crucial for the buildup of the collagen fibers, providing skin with optimal hydration and firmness.
~Gluconolactone ~ A composed of multiple water-attracting hydroxyl groups, which hydrate the skin, resulting in enhanced degrees of moisturization. According to a study featured in Dermatologic Surgery journal, Gluconolactone is a polyhydroxy acid (PHA) that is capable of chelating metals and may also function by scavenging free radicals, thereby protecting skin from some of the damaging effects of UV radiation.