Azelaic Acid – 10% – Is a pharmaceutical anti-acne agent that provides antibacterial and comedolytic effects. It is effective against a number of skin conditions, from mild to moderate acne. It helps to stop the growth of skin bacteria that causes acne and keep the skin pores clean. Azelaic acid is also a reversible inhibitor of tyrosinase, delivering whitening effects to the skin.
Niacinamide – 5% – Is an active form of Vitamin B3 that offers a number of benefits for aged and photodamaged skin and improved skin moisturization. Niacinamide is effective in improving skin texture and improving the appearance of hyperpigmented spots and red blotchiness, in addition to reducing the severity of fine lines. It stimulates collagen synthesis and production of ceramides, a lipid compound that contributes to the functional and structural integrity of the skin barrier.
Alpha Arbutin – Ten times more powerful than standardized arbutin. Derived from bearberry, it is an alternative to hydroquinone and Kojic acid for brightening and lightening skin color or to remove brown age spots. It inhibits the body’s production of tyrosinase and suppresses unwanted pigmentation rather than killing pigment-producing cells.